What is Hydroponics ?
Hydroponics is basically growing plants without soil.
The origin of the word “hydroponic” becomes clear. In Greek, “hydro,” meaning water, refers to the fluid in which the plants are grown. “Ponos,” meaning labour, refers to the fact that the hydroponic cultivation system replaces the physical work of pollination, nutrient absorption, and hydration that goes into plant growth in nature.
Hydroponics is a subset of hydro culture and is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil.
In basic hydro culture or passive hydroponics, water and nutrients are distributed through capillary action. In hydroponics-like hydro culture, water and nutrients are distributed by some form of pumping mechanism.
It is a more efficient way to provide food and water to your plants. Plants don’t use soil – they use the food and water that are in the soil. Soil’s function is to supply plants nutrients and to anchor the plants’ roots. In a hydroponic garden, you provide your plants with a complete nutrient formula and an inert growing medium to anchor your plants’ roots so they have easier access to the food and water.
Because the food is dissolved in water, it goes directly to the roots. Plants grow faster and are ready for harvest sooner. You can grow more plants in the same space as you can with a soil garden, and since there’s no soil, there’s no worry about soil-borne diseases or pests – and no weeding.